Saturday, March 27, 2021

Creating Heroes: Ten Ways to Reveal the Heroic Qualities of Your Character in Story (Part 2)

by Zena Dell Lowe @ZenaDellLowe

In part 1 of this blog post, we discussed the first five things that you can do as a writer to help reveal the character qualities that a true hero must possess. (Link at the end of the post) Today, we’ll discuss the final five.

6. Make it cost something. 

For your main character to win, there must be a price, a personal cost to be paid. We've seen this over and over again with various characters. They have to be willing to make the hard sacrifice in order to win. Otherwise, nothing was risked. Nothing was at stake. There was no choice to be made. And their victory at the end has no value. In order for the victory to mean something, it needs to have cost them something of value and importance. 

7. They must be merciful or compassionate.

I don’t mean in a single moment. I mean, at their core, they are a person who possesses mercy or compassion. Empathy. In fact, empathy is perhaps the most noble character trait of all. Without it, we would never experience anything good, such as mercy, forgiveness, or grace. You need to show that your heroic character possesses this quality in their soul. Of course, there are a variety of ways to accomplish this, but in essence, you need to SHOW us. We need to see them act compassionately towards somebody that would otherwise be deemed lesser than them or below them in the pecking order. Perhaps somebody over whom they have power, or someone society at large has discarded. This is a very important character quality to reveal for any hero. Any character who treats someone who is an underling with gentle kindness and respect, inevitably displays that they indeed deserve to pick up the mantel of “Hero”. 

8. Make their mission matter. 

What I mean by that is, you need to up the stakes. Whatever it is that they're after, everything depends on it. It needs to matter to them, personally, but it also needs to matter to the audience. We need to feel like it's important that they accomplish whatever it is they're pursuing. Otherwise, what’s the point of the story? If it doesn't matter to us, the story itself doesn't matter. To help with this, make sure, as we ramp up to the climax, that we see the importance of the mission in terms of the character’s ultimate fate. For example, if they fail, we know they will be “die,” one way or the other. It may not be literal death. Perhaps it’s a spiritual or relational death. Whatever the case, it is truly do or die. It's all or nothing. They either win or all is lost. There is no room for half measures. The fate of everything comes down to this moment and there will never be another chance for your character to win. 

9. They show remorse when they mess up. 

There's nothing worse, in real life, or in story, when a character denies blame, justifies wrong-doing, tries to blame someone else, or minimizes the harm he or she has caused. Anyone who refuses to admit to their failures cannot be a truly heroic character. Along with empathy, one of the most important characteristics of a person who is worthy of respect is that they own their mistakes. They feel bad, but not just bad, they’re repentant in their spirit. This means that they're truly remorseful, which means that they’ve “turned away” from whatever wrong beliefs or wrong actions caused them to fail in the first place. They're absolutely committed to not repeat those mistakes in the future and they can recognize and acknowledge how badly they messed up. They might even be haunted by their prior failures, which makes them all the more determined to atone for those mistakes by not making it ever again. Which, of course, may or may not be possible, depending on what the true lesson is that they need to learn. 

10. Finally, let them be afraid. 

Whatever it is that your character is facing, they need to truly fear. It might be because their very life is at stake, or perhaps it's the lives of others that could be lost if they fail. Whatever it is, however, there is no courage without fear. And whether you choose for them to hide it from the other characters in the story or not, we, the audience, need to see that they are truly afraid. That way, when we see them face their dilemma anyway, it not only makes your character more noble, but also more sympathetic and worthy of our devotion. So if you want your audience to fall in love with your hero, show us that he is afraid. It makes your character instantly accessible, likeable and sympathetic, and your audience will be emotionally invested in the outcome.

There is so much more I could say about each of these items since we’ve only just begun to scratch the surface However, hopefully these points incite your imagination and help you see how these traits might be able to be portrayed to heroic effect. Bottom line, if you want to construct heroic characters that your audience will be attracted to and feel emotionally invested in for the duration of the story, these are some of the primary characteristics you should strive to display over the course of the telling. Good luck!

For more tips like this, check out The Storyteller's Mission with Zena Dell Lowe, a podcast for artists and storytellers about changing the world for the better through story. New episodes available every Thursday on the podcast app of your choice. Also, check out The Storyteller's Mission online platform at where you can find classes, services, and resources for writers. 

Until then, may you go forth inspired to change the world for the better through story.


Don't Miss the Rest of This Series!

Zena Dell Lowe
Award-winning Filmmaker, Speaker, Teacher, Story Coach, and Podcast Host 

Zena has worked professionally in the entertainment industry for over 20 years as a writer, producer, director, actress, and story consultant. Zena also teaches advanced classes on writing all over the country. As a writer, Zena has won numerous awards for her work. She also has several feature film projects in development through her independent production company, Mission Ranch Films. In addition to her work as a filmmaker, Zena launched The Storyteller’s Mission with Zena Dell Lowe, a podcast designed to serve the whole artist, not just focus on craft. In 2021, Zena launched The Storyteller’s Mission Online Platform, where she offers advanced classes and other key services to writers. Zena loves story and loves to support storytellers. Her passion is to equip artists of all levels to achieve excellence at their craft, so that they will truly have everything they need to change the world for the better through story.

To find out more about Zena or her current courses and projects, check out her websites at www.missionranchfilms.comand


  1. How do you show the hero in this manner if you're writing first person from the heroine's POV only? Part of the conflict is her perspective of what he does, and it's part of the conflict. But I want to keep the reader from disliking him. I'm curious to know how you would handle that. Thanks!

  2. Thanks for this, Zena. You had me in Part 1 by adding to all I've studied about the craft - between that and your podcasts, I had plenty to take to the drawing board for my WIPs. Part 2 here is like a giant step by comparison. Then I found myself questioning your words, mentally, on #9 & actually debating you on #10 - until it hit me that your words and wisdom totally explained why no TV series holds me past a few episodes, yet I have not and will not ever miss one episode of "Blue Bloods." And why I have abandoned hundreds of novels in my library after reading well over half of one. And why I no longer go to a movie theater anymore (except for comedies) because I got tired of leaving during the second half of dramas that I no longer cared how they ended. This series is loaded with wisdom and I sincerely appreciate Edie bringing you to us.
    Jay Wright; Upstate, SC

  3. I look forward to checking out your podcast, Zena.

  4. Hi Zena.
    I particularly connect with numbers five and seven. These two points are what characters real to me. Thanks for the tips! I'm looking forward to listening to your podcast.